Retaliation was again the type of discrimination charge most frequently filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) in fiscal year 2018, followed by allegations of sex, disability and race discrimination, the agency reported.
Among the 76,418 total workplace discrimination charges the agency received in the last fiscal year, 39,469 were for retaliation, accounting for nearly 52 percent of all charges filed. Discrimination based on sex was the second most frequently filed charge, with 24,655 charges received.
EEOC: Retaliation Tops Discrimination Charges for Second Year
Retaliation charges have dropped but are still the most commonly filed charge. Race-discrimination charges saw the biggest change from fiscal year 2017 to fiscal year 2018.
|Discrimination Charge||Fiscal Year 2018 (Percentage of Charges Filed)||Fiscal Year 2017 (Percentage of Charges Filed)|
|Retaliation||39,469 (51.6%)||41,097 (48.8%)|
|Sex||24,655 (32.3%)||25,605 (30.4%)|
|Disability||24,605 (32.2%)||26,838 (31.9%)|
|Race||24,600 (32.2%)||28,528 (33.9%)|
|Age||16,911 (22.1%)||18,376 (21.8%)|
|National Origin||7,106 (9.3%)||8,299 (9.8%)|
|Color ||3,166 (4.1%)||3,240 (3.8%)|
|Religion||2,859 (3.7%)||3,436 (4.1%)|
|Equal Pay Act||1,066 (1.4%)||966 (1.2%)|
|Genetic Information||220 (.3%)||206 (.2%)|
Source: U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
The agency also received 7,609 sexual harassment charges—a 13.6 percent increase from fiscal year 2017—and obtained $56.6 million in monetary benefits for victims of sexual harassment.
“We cannot look back on last year without noting the significant impact of the #MeToo movement in the number of sexual harassment and retaliation charges filed with the agency,” said EEOC acting chair Victoria A. Lipnic.
The monetary recoveries the EEOC made through its enforcement and litigation program, Lipnic said, also were significant: $505 million for victims of all types of discrimination in state and local government and federal and private-sector workplaces.
[SHRM members-only toolkit: Preventing Unlawful Workplace Retaliation in California]
John F. Lomax Jr., a partner at Snell & Wilmer law firm in Phoenix, noted that overall, the total number of charges filed in the last fiscal year, from Oct. 1, 2017, to Sept. 30, 2018, dipped below 80,000 for the first time since fiscal year 2006. That trend is likely a reflection of the strong economy, he said.
“But the data also reflects what we anticipated since the #MeToo movement began in the fall of 2017,” Lomax added. “Sexual harassment charges [have reached] a new high over the last seven years. The EEOC also tracks a broader category of charges involving sex-based harassment, which showed a 5 percent year-over-year increase.”
Erin Williams, shareholder at Ogletree Deakins in the greater St. Louis area, said she thinks there is a perception in the U.S. now that harassment allegations will be taken more seriously than in the past.
“I think that’s encouraged a number of individuals to come forward with their own stories,” she said. “There are still inherent barriers for many employees to make these types of claims—fear of retaliation, fear of losing their jobs, fear they won’t be taken seriously. Many companies are working hard to make sure these claims will be taken seriously and try to allay the fears of retaliation.”
The EEOC takes reports of harassment very seriously, she pointed out.
“This is definitely a priority for the EEOC. … Employers should be particularly sensitive to making sure their policies are up to date, that they’re promptly investigating claims and taking all steps to make sure that employees are not retaliated against.”
SHRM Online collected the following items from its archives and other outlets on discrimination in the workplace.
Workplace Discrimination Is Illegal. But Our Data Shows It’s Still a Huge Problem.
Thousands of people report job discrimination to the government each year. Employers are rarely held accountable. And no group of workers alleging discrimination—age, gender, disability, or otherwise—fares well.
Quiz: Can You Recognize Workplace Discrimination?
Several federal laws include provisions intended to prevent workplace discrimination. Compliance with the letter and spirit of these laws can seem complex and fraught with intricate processes. Find out how well you know key protections of major laws with this quiz.
(SHRM Online members-only resource)
She Spoke Up About Sexual Harassment at Ernst & Young and Got Caught in a Web of Retaliation
Ernst & Young says it’s committed to gender diversity. A former partner tells a different story.
Tips for Small Businesses
The EEOC offers tips on what a small business should do if it receives notice from the federal agency that a charge of discrimination has been filed against it.
Bipartisan Bill Would Strengthen Protection for Older Workers
A bipartisan bill that has been introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate would make it easier for older employees to prove when they are victims of age discrimination in the workplace.
The House bill (H.R. 1230), introduced by Rep. Bobby Scott, D-Va., and the Senate bill (S.B. 485), introduced by Sen. Robert P. Casey Jr., D-Pa., would amend the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 and similar federal laws related to employment discrimination.